Monday, 26 September 2022
Central Europe Programme

Urban Water Footprint: a new approach for water management in urban areas

Sewer penetration and municipal wastewater treatment plant development contributes to lower water footprint in Hungary

For the last two decades municipal sewage collection as well as treatment has made great advances in Hungary. In 1990 only 65% of urban and 3% of rural households were connected to a sewer. These figures increased to 85% and 47%, respectively, by 2012. Much of this improvement is explained by stringent EU requirements, but also the financing provided through different financing instruments of the European Union. While in 2000 only 30% of the collected wastewater was treated to at least secondary level, by 2012 this ratio increased to 72%, largely due to the newly built “Central” Wastewater Treatment Plant of Budapest.

While the water footprint associated with urban wastewater declined substantially, the same is not true for agriculture. Agricultural activities are now the main source of grey water footprint in Hungary. River basin management plans include a wide array of measures to reduce diffuse effluents from farming, but practical progress is still too slow, and without providing incentives to farmers, it is unlikely to change track.

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Copyright © 2013 URBAN_WFTP | Introduction of water footprint (WTFP) approach In URBAN area to monitor, evaluate and Improve the water use (4CE439P3)

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